According to ancient Judaic texts, there is only one list of 10 Commandments given twice by YHWH to Moses on Mount Sinai.

There have been other attempts to recreate or supplant The Ten Commandments when it has been “lost”.  This, is a - mostly - interlinear comparison of two of those attempts, and the authentic original.

The Covenant Of Damascus (italicized)

[THE TEN COMMANDMENTS] (bolded and in square brackets)

{another list of 10} (bracketed)

… … …

If they will not observe to do according to the interpretation of the Law, until the end of the wickedness, and to separate from the children of destruction, and to separate from the wealth of wickedness which is contaminated by a vow and curse, and from the wealth of the sanctuary, and rob the poor of his people (so that) widows be their prey, and they murder the fatherless and to distinguish between clean and unclean…

[THE FIRST COMMANDMENT - MAKE NO OTHER COVENANTS Observe which I am commanding today I am about to drive before the Amorite and the Canaanite the Hittite the Girgashite the Perrizite the Hivite and the Jebusite. Beware not you make covenant the inhabitants of the land which you are going and or will become a snare your midst.]

{1. Thou shall have no other gods before me.}

and to make known between the holy and the profane

[THE SECOND COMMANDMENT - DESTROY OTHER COVENANTS For their altars tear their pillars and smash their Asherim and cut For not worship god other for YHWH is jealous name god jealous is Or make a covenant the inhabitants of the land play after their gods and sacrifice to their gods invite to eat of his sacrifice Take of his daughters your sons the harlot your sons after their gods]

[THE THIRD COMMANDMENT - CREATE NO ICONS gods molten no shall make]

{2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven images.}

and to observe the Sabbath according to its interpretation


[THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT - OBSERVE THE SHABBAT day the seventh shall rest plowing and harvest shall rest]

{4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it Holy.}

and the feasts

[THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT - OBSERVE THE FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD The Feast of Unleavened Bread shall observe seven days eat bread I commanded the appointed the month of Abib in the month of Abib came of Egypt]

[THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT - CELEBRATE THE FEAST OF SHAVUOT The Feast of Weeks shall celebrate the first harvest of the wheat]

[THE NINTH COMMANDMENT - CELEBRATE THE FEAST OF SUKKOT and the Feast of Ingathering the turn of the year]



[GENERAL COMMENTARY ABOUT THE FEASTS Three times a year appear all your males before the Lord YHWH God of Israel For will drive nations before and enlarge your borders and no shall covet man your land go to appear before YHWH your God three times a year Nor offer with leavened the blood of My sacrifice nor to be left morning is the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover First of the first of your soil shall bring the house YHWH your God]

{10. Thou shall not covet your neighbor.}

and the day of fast according to the command of them who entered in to the New Covenant in the land of Damascus



to raise their offerings according to their interpretation

[THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT - PAY TITHES/TAXES Every the first womb and all livestock remember offspring cattle and sheep The first a donkey shall redeem a lamb and if none redeem shall break all the firstborn of your sons shall redeem none shall appear before empty-handed]


to love every one his neighbour as himself, and to strengthen the hand of the poor and the needy and the stranger, and to seek every one the peace of his neighbour. And no man shall commit treason against his nearest of kin, separating himself from fornication according to the Law. To admonish every one his neighbour according to the Law, and not to bear a grudge from day to day, and to separate from all the contaminations according to their laws


{5. Honor your father and mother.}

{6. Thou shalt not murder.}

{7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.}

{8. Thou shalt not steal.}

{9. Thou shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.}

And no man shall defile his holy spirit, (even) as God did separate them


{3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.}